Frequently Asked Questions - Lifestyle & Fertility

While the infertility is not a disease, it and its treatment can affect all aspects of people’s lives, which can cause various psychological-emotional disorders or consequences including turmoil, frustration, depression, anxiety, hopelessness, guilt, and feelings of worthlessness in life.
  • Fertility requires the sperm and eggs to be very healthy. Let's look at factors which can influence the health of eggs and sperm. Some factors can be modified by changing behaviours; others can't.
  • Age
  • Diet and supplements
  • Weight
  • Exercise
  • The environment
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Sex
  • Problems with sexual function
Diets high in unsaturated fats, whole grains, vegetables, and fish have been associated with improved fertility in both women and men. While current evidence on the role of dairy, alcohol, and caffeine is inconsistent, saturated fats, and sugar have been associated with poorer fertility outcomes in women and men. Furthermore, women and men with obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2] have a higher risk of infertility. This risk is extended to women who are underweight [BMI <20 kg /m2]
Diet and BMI influence outcomes during clinical treatment for infertility.


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