Frequently Asked Questions - Male Infertility

Signs of infertility in men include:
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Problems with ejaculation or ejaculate
  • Changes in testicles
  • Obesity
In some cases, an underlying problem such as an inherited disorder, hormonal imbalance, dilated veins around the testicle or a condition that blocks the passage of sperm causes signs and symptoms. Signs and symptoms noticed include:
  • Problems with sexual function — for example, difficulty with ejaculation or small volumes of fluid ejaculated, reduced sexual desire, or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • Recurrent respiratory infections
  • Inability to smell
  • Abnormal breast growth (gynecomastia)
  • Decreased facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality
  • A lower than normal sperm count (fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen or a total sperm count of less than 39 million per ejaculate)
  • Hypospadias is a congenital condition or a birth defect which causes the opening of the urethra to be abnormally located away from the tip of the penis. This condition that affects newborns is due to the improper development of the genital area, while in the womb. It can be classified as anterior, middle or posterior depending on the placement of the opening. Mild hypospadias or location of the opening near the tip of the penis forms 50% of all occurrences and hence is the common form of this condition. Location on the underside of the shaft is called middle, and at the scrotum is called posterior.
  • Hypospermia is a condition that is characterized by low production of semen during ejaculation. According to the World Health Organization, anyone producing less than 1.5 ml of semen is suffering from this condition. In a Hypospermia case, the flow of semen is occluded because of restrictions in the ejaculatory ducts and there are several reasons why this can happen. Let us learn more about the risks of hypospermia.


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