What is Miscarriage?Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the fetus can survive outside the uterus, usually within the first 20 weeks. It is estimated that 15–20% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage, but this percentage increases with age.
The experienced female gynecologists at Sparsha Infertility Centre understand how difficult it can be for women to cope with the emotional and physical pain of a miscarriage. They provide comprehensive care for diagnosis and treatment, with sensitivity and compassion.
What are the different types of Miscarriage?
Miscarriage can occur at any stage of pregnancy and is classified according to the trimester in which it occurs. There are many types of miscarriage, including:
- Complete Miscarriage:
- This is a complete loss of the pregnancy, with all the fetal and placental tissue passing out of the uterus.
- Incomplete Miscarriage: In this type of miscarriage, some but not all of the placental or fetal tissue passes out of the uterus.
- Threatened Miscarriage: This type of miscarriage is characterized by signs and symptoms of early pregnancy loss, but the fetus or placental tissue remains in the uterus.
- Missed Miscarriage: In this type of miscarriage, the fetus has died but the body does not recognize it and there are no signs or symptoms of a miscarriage.
- Recurrent Miscarriage: Recurrent miscarriage, or three or more consecutive miscarriages, is a very difficult experience. The experienced female gynecologists at Sparsha Infertility Centre are highly trained to provide the best recurrent pregnancy loss treatment and care for women who have faced this heart-breaking experience.
- Inevitable miscarriage: This type of miscarriage occurs when the cervix is open and some fetal or placental tissue has passed out of the uterus.
Post-Miscarriage Care for Pregnancy:Post-miscarriage care is just as important as diagnosis and treatment. The female gynecologists will provide you with comprehensive post-abortion care, including emotional support, reproductive planning, contraception counseling, and follow-up visits to monitor your recovery.
At Sparsha IVF, female gynecologists will provide you with the best recurrent pregnancy loss treatment and follow-up care. They understand that each woman goes through different experiences when dealing with a miscarriage, so they will help you recover in a way that is right for you. This may involve medication to manage physical symptoms or counseling to address emotional issues.
What are the symptoms of a miscarriage?Symptoms of miscarriage can vary, and not everyone who experiences a miscarriage will have the same symptoms. However, some common signs and symptoms may include vaginal bleeding that can range from light spotting to heavy bleeding with clots, abdominal cramping or pain, back pain, and the passing of tissue or clots through the vagina. Some women may also experience loss of pregnancy symptoms, such as breast tenderness or nausea. It's important to note that some of these symptoms can also be present in healthy pregnancies, and not all vaginal bleeding or abdominal pain means a miscarriage is occurring. If you think you may be experiencing a miscarriage or have concerns about your symptoms, it's essential to seek medical attention from a healthcare provider.
What are the causes of Miscarriage?Miscarriage can be caused by a variety of factors, including hormonal imbalances, uterine abnormalities, infections, chromosomal abnormalities, lifestyle factors (such as smoking or drinking), and inherited conditions. Many times, the cause is unknown. The experienced female gynecologists at Sparsha Infertility Centre are trained to assess each woman’s situation and provide the best diagnosis and treatment for her needs. Miscarriage can be a very difficult experience both physically and emotionally. At Sparsha, female gynecologists will provide compassionate and understanding care to help you through this difficult time. With a wide range of treatments available, they are dedicated to helping you achieve your health goals.
How to diagnose miscarriage?
Miscarriage diagnosis is typically done through a combination of physical exams and medical testing. The gynecologist or OB-GYN may need to perform some diagnostic tests to determine the appropriate course of treatment for a potential miscarriage. Some of them include:
- Ultrasound: An ultrasound scan can be used to check the health of the fetus. It can also help determine if there is any bleeding or spotting in the uterus, as well as detect any abnormalities with the baby’s heart rate or movements.
- Blood Tests: A doctor may perform a blood test to measure levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy. Low levels of this hormone may indicate an impending miscarriage.
- Endometrial Biopsy: An endometrial biopsy is a procedure to sample a bit of the lining of the uterus and analyze it for signs of early abortion or infection.
- Pelvic Examination: In some cases, a doctor may perform an internal exam to check for any signs of miscarriage or infection.
- Chromosome Test: A doctor may recommend chromosome tests to determine the cause of a miscarriage. These tests can be performed on a sample of tissue taken from the placenta or amniotic fluid.
- Tissue Test: A doctor may also recommend a tissue test to check for any abnormalities in the fetal tissue. This can help identify potential genetic problems that could cause a miscarriage.
Furthermore, if a woman has had recurrent miscarriages, her doctor may recommend genetic testing to identify any chromosomal abnormalities or other medical issues that could be causing the miscarriages.
What are the treatments for miscarriage?The treatment for a miscarriage can vary depending on the circumstances of the individual case. The most common treatments involve medication or surgical intervention. In some cases, no medical intervention will be necessary and it may simply be a matter of allowing the body to pass the pregnancy naturally.
Medication: If there is an early miscarriage (before 12 weeks), a doctor may prescribe certain medications to help expel the pregnancy. This is known as medical management and can be done with either misoprostol or methotrexate depending on the situation. The medication helps to soften and dilate the cervix, which makes it easier for the body to pass the pregnancy.
Surgery: In some cases, a surgical procedure known as a dilation and curettage (D&C) may be necessary. The D&C is usually recommended in the case of late-term miscarriage (after 12 weeks) or to help prevent infection. The surgery involves removing any remaining tissue from the uterus and can help reduce the risk of complications.
In some cases, it’s possible to prevent a miscarriage with early detection and treatment. Women who are at high risk of miscarriage can consult their doctor to discuss potential preventive measures such as taking progesterone or other medications, following a healthy diet, reducing stress, taking medicine for miscarriage, and avoiding certain activities that may increase the risk.
Why choose Sparsha IVF as a support group for miscarriage?At our clinic, we understand the physical and emotional toll that a miscarriage can take on a woman. Our team of experienced obstetricians and gynecologists is here to provide you with personalized care and support every step of the way. We have extensive experience in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of miscarriage, so you can rest assured that you’re in the best of hands.
We believe that every woman deserves to have access to quality healthcare, which is why we have a team of dedicated professionals who are committed to providing personalized and compassionate care. Our goal is to ensure that you get the best possible outcome from your treatment so that you can move forward with confidence.
We understand that a miscarriage can be an emotional and difficult experience, which is why we strive to provide a comfortable and supportive environment. We are here to listen to your concerns, answer any questions you may have, and provide all the care and support you need throughout your treatment. If you or someone you know has experienced a miscarriage, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us. We are here to offer the support and care you need during this difficult time.
How to Try for another pregnancy after miscarriage?
Experiencing a miscarriage can be a devastating and emotionally challenging experience for anyone. For women and couples who want to try for another pregnancy after a miscarriage, there may be many questions and concerns about the process. However, with the right knowledge and support, it is possible to successfully conceive and carry a healthy pregnancy to term.
Here are some tips and considerations for trying for another pregnancy after miscarriage:
- Give yourself time to heal emotionally and physically: Miscarriage can take a toll on your mental and physical health. It's essential to allow yourself to grieve and process your emotions before trying for another pregnancy. Additionally, it's important to let your body recover from the physical effects of a miscarriage. Depending on the stage of your pregnancy and the type of miscarriage you experienced, your doctor may recommend waiting a few weeks or months before trying to conceive again.
- Get a preconception checkup: Before trying to conceive again, it's a good idea to schedule a preconception checkup with your doctor. This checkup can help identify any underlying health conditions or risk factors that may affect your ability to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term. The doctor may also recommend lifestyle changes or supplements to support your fertility and overall health.
- Monitor your ovulation: Knowing when you ovulate can increase your chances of getting pregnant. After a miscarriage, it's possible for your menstrual cycle to be irregular or for ovulation to be delayed. Tracking your ovulation through methods like basal body temperature monitoring or ovulation predictor kits can help you determine the best time to try for pregnancy.
- Consider seeking support: Coping with the loss of a pregnancy can be a challenging experience, and it's normal to feel a range of emotions. You may find it helpful to seek support from a therapist, support group, or a trusted friend or family member. Having a supportive network can help you manage your emotions and feel more confident about trying for another pregnancy.