Sparsha Infertility Centre | IUI

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

The procedure to treat infertility through artificial insemination is known IUI or Intrauterine Insemination.

The process for the same to put in a nutshell starts with placing washed and concentrated sperm cells directly in the uterus, during the time when the ovary releases one or more eggs which could be used for fertilization.

Here, we hope for the outcome where the insemination done makes the motile sperms swim up the fallopian tubes and merge or fertilize the awaiting egg, culminating to an increased chance for pregnancy. Working around the actual reason/cause of doing the process, IUI can be streamlined along with the normal cycle and with the existing fertility medications.

Why is IUI necessary?

IUI is needed under the following reasons:

  • Donor Sperm This is the most common procedure for women who need the help of a donor sperm to conceive. Frozen specimens of sperms are procurred from certified labs and are first thawed and used.

  • Unexplained Infertility IUI serves as the first performed treatment in such cases when the cause for infertility cannot be explained. This can also be coupled with ovulation-inducing medications.

  • Endometriosis-related Infertility When the cause for infertility is interconnected to endometriosis, some medications are obtained to acquire a high-quality egg and this coupled with IUI is considered as a first course of treatment as well.

  • Mild Male Factor Infertility IUI helps to overcome some core problems which are found in semen analysis – low concentration of sperms and weak motility of the sperm cells. The process for preparing the semen for use helps in removing the weak cells from the stronger ones and those which have a higher chance of inducing pregnancy.

  • Cervical Factor Infertility The opening between the vagina and the uterus, aka the cervix, produces a mucus somewhere around the time of ovulation which aides the sperm cells to travel from the vagina to the fallopian tubes and give them the ideal environment and conditions. However, should the mucus be too thick, it would hinder the journey. The mucus can become thicker owing to scarring caused during biopsies or other such procedures.
    IUI helps curb this problem owing to the fact that here the semen is deposited straight to the uterus and thus bypassing these problems these bolstering the chances of pregnancy.

  • Ovulatory Factor Infertility Women who are infertile owing to a lack/complication in ovulation, a reduction in the number of eggs are assisted with the process of IUI.

  • Semen Allergy On some rare occasions, a woman’s vagina might be allergic to the proteins and chemicals present in the semen, owing to discomfort post ejaculation. In these cases, IUI is effective, as many of the problem causing proteins are separated before insemination.

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